People love talking about hypothetical situations. For situations that we consider unlikely (we don’t think they will happen), we use the second conditional. I love teaching this structure because it is so useful.
Forming the second conditional
If + past simple, would + inf
If I saw a bear, I would talk loudly to try to scare it away.
I would talk loudly if I saw a bear.
The tricky bit
The bit that is tricky for students is using the past simple in the if clause. Our brains don't like the idea of using a past tense to talk about the future, but that's the way we form the second conditional in English. Because it seems counter-intuitive, it needs a lot of practice.
How to practice the second conditional
How many questions can you think of to practice using the second conditional? If you need some help, look at a list of verbs in one of your course books and choose some past simple forms to use with the if clause. Of course you can also use regular verbs.
Infinitive Past simple
These can be used to make questions like the following:
1. What would you do if you lost your phone?
2. What would you do if you found £100
3. What would you do if you saw a bear in the forest?
4. What would you do if someone broke your favourite cup?
5. What would you say if your best friend told you that she was moving away?
6. How would you feel if you failed your driving test?
You can also make sentences using negative forms.
1. What would you do if your children didn’t do their homework?
2. How would Sarah feel if Jack didn’t feed her cat.
3. How would the cats feel if Jack didn’t feed them?
Remember to make full sentences for your answers so that you can practice both parts of the sentence.
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